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S. Jagathrakshakan
BornSamikannu Jagathrakshakan
(1950-08-15) 15 August 1950 (age 67)
Kalingamali, Villupuram district, Tamil Nadu
OccupationMember of Parliament
Spouse(s)J. Anasuya
Childrenone son(Mr. J.Lakshmi Narayana Alias Sundeep Aanand ) and one daughter(Mrs. Srinisha )
Parent(s)G. Swamikannu Gounder and Lakshmiamma[1]

S. Jagathrakshakan (born 15 August 1950 in Kalingamali, Villupuram district in Tamil Nadu) is an IndianTamil businessman and politician. He did his matriculation at Valudvur. He was a member of Lok Sabha of India from Arakkonam constituency of Tamil Nadu and has been elected three times since 1996. He was the minister of state for commerce and industry from November 2012 to March 2013.[2] He is also the chairman of Shree Balaji Medical College and Hospital. He has authored 30 books, one of which was released by Mother Teresa.

In his political career, Jagathrakshakan has been elected once to the Tamil Nadu state assembly during the 1980 elections and to the Lok Sabha during the 1984 elections from the Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK) party. He also headed the ADMK parliamentary party from 1985–89. He won the Arakkonam lok sabha constituency during 1999 and 2009 elections from the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) party. He started a Vanniyar caste based party called Veera Vanniyar Peravai in 2004, which became Jananayaga Munnetra Kazhagam in August 2004 and merged with DMK in 2009.

Jagathrakshakan has been a centre of controversy in various issues like Coal scam exposed in March 2012 where he is alleged to have utilized his political clout for illegal coal allocation for his company in 2007. He is believed to have amassed assets from 5 Crore in 2009 to 70 crores in 2011, which is the highest percentage rise of assets among all ministers in the central cabinet. In a sting operation conducted in June 2009, it was exposed that one of his Medical college collected 20 lakh rupees for MBBS.

Career[edit]

Jagathrakshakan was first elected to the Tamil Nadu assembly in 1980 when he contested from Uthiramerur as a candidate of Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK) under the leadership of MG Ramachandran.[1] He is one of the first political leaders to establish a professional college. He started the Bharath Institute of Science and Technology in 1984, which later went on to become Bharath University in 2003. The branches of the college were opened in Pondicherry and Karnataka.[3]

He was first elected to the Lok Sabha in 1985 from Arakkonam constituency and he served as the leader of ADMK parliamentary Party. After MGR's death, he sided the ADMK faction headed by MGR's wife Janaki. He contested from Uthiramerur constituency in 1989 state assembly elections ending up with fourth position.[1][3] During the 1999 parliamentary elections, he got a Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) ticket and won from Arakkonam constituency. He started a Vanniyar caste based party called Veera Vanniyar Peravai in 2004, which in August 2004, became Jananayaga Munnetra Kazhagam. He supported the Congress-DMK combine during the 2004 general elections, but did not contest. In 2009, he merged the party with DMK.[3] He won the 2009 election from Arakkonam constituency as a candidate of DMK by defeating Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK) candidate and former Union Minister of State for Railways R. Velu in Arakkonam.[1][4] He became the minister of state for information and broadcasting and later went on to become the minister of new and renewable energy in November 2012.[5] He did not take charge as a minister and after talks with Karunanidhi, the party chief, he was allocated the portfolio of Commerce and industry on 2 November 2012.[2] DMK pulled out of the ruling UPA on 20 March 2013 following widespread protests in Tamil Nadu against the central government for not taking up the concerns of Tamils in Sri Lanka in the UN resolution against the alleged human rights violation against Tamils by Sri Lankan government. Jagathrakshakan resigned his ministerial post along with other members of the party.[6][7]

Jagathrakshakan got married to Anusuya on 9 September 1973 and the pair have a son and a daughter. He has visited and been part of visiting delegation to various countries. His primary interests are providing education to the down-trodden, helping orphans and physically challenged. He started a research organisation called Alwarkal aaiyuvumaiyam dedicated to the promotion of Tamil culture and art. He has authored 30 books, one of which was released by Mother Teresa. His favourite past times include playing volleyball.[1]

Elections contested and positions held[edit]

  • 1984: Elected to Tamil Nadu State Assembly for the 1st time; Chairman of Environment Committee
  • 1985-1989: Elected to Lok Sabha (eighth) for the first time; Leader of ADMK Parliamentary party
  • 1987–88: Member of committee of official languages
  • 1999-2004: Elected to Lok Sabha (thirteenth) for the second time
  • 1999-2000: Member of committee of external affairs and human resources development
  • 2000 onwards: Member of consultative committee of the ministry of heavy industries and public enterprises
  • May 2009: Elected to Lok Sabha (Fifteenth) for the third time
  • June 2009-28 October 2012:Minister of State, Information and Broadcasting[5]
  • 28 October 2012 – 1 November 2013:Minister of state, New and Renewable energy[1]
  • 2 November 2012 – 20 March 2013:Minister of state, Commerce and Industry[2]

Controversies[edit]

Jakathrakshakan is alleged to have garnered a distillery license using his political clout during his second tenure as MP in 1999. There were also allegations in the discrepancy of age in his election affidavit and his university website. After becoming a minister of information and broadcasting, there were allegations that he was trying to float a TV channel and an English newspaper, both of which were not established.[3]

Multifold increase in personal wealth[edit]

As per official declaration, his assets has increased from 5 Crore in 2009 to 70 crores in 2011. This is the highest percentage rise for property among all ministers in the central cabinet.[14][15]

Capitation fee sting operation[edit]

In a sting operation conducted by Times of India in June 2009, it was exposed that one the medical colleges founded by him collected 20 lakh rupees for MBBS admission in violation of Supreme Court order and State legislation.[16]

Coal mining scam allegations[edit]

Main article: Coal mining scam

In September 2012, several news reports alleged that his family is a part of a company named JR Power Gen Pvt Ltd which was awarded a coal block in Orissa in 2007. It was the same company which formed a joint venture with a public sector company, Puducherry Industrial Promotion Development and Investment Corporation (PIPDIC), on 17 January 2007. Barely five days after, PIPDIC was allotted a coal block. According to the MoU, JR Power enjoyed a stake in this allotment. However, JR Power had no expertise in thermal power, iron and steel, or cement, the key sectors for consumption of coal. Later, in 2010, JR Power sold 51% stake to KSK Energy Ventures, an established player with interests in the energy sector. The rights for the use of the coal block thus passed to KSK.[17][18] Reacting to this, Jagathrakshakan admitted to getting a coal block, and said that, "It is true that we got a coal allocation but it was a sub-contract with Puducherry government and then we gave it away to KSK company. Now, we have got nothing to do with the allocation but if the government wants to take back the allocation it can do so."[19]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ abcdef"Biographical sketch at Indian Parliament website". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  2. ^ abcPTI (2 November 2012). "Jagathrakshakan shifted to Commerce and Industry". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  3. ^ abcdMohan, Gopu (8 September 2012). "The businessman-politician who finds himself in coal row". Chennai. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  4. ^"Vellore voters prove predictions wrong". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 18 May 2009. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  5. ^ ab"Profile of Member of Parliament". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  6. ^Ghildiyal, Subodh. "Alagiri snubs dad's confidant". The Times of India. New Delhi. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  7. ^C., Raja Mohan (25 March 2013). "Sorry chapter of M K Alagiri performance as Union minister". The Indian Express. New Delhi. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  8. ^Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly general elections 1980, p. 38
  9. ^Statistical report on Indian general elections 1984, p. 38
  10. ^Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly general elections 1989, p. 260
  11. ^Statistical report on Indian general elections 1999, p. 224
  12. ^Statistical report on Indian general elections 2009, p. 344
  13. ^"Statistical report on General elections, 2014 to the 16th Lok Sabha". Election Commission of India. 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2014. 
  14. ^"Declaration of assets and liabilities by members of Lok Sabha"(PDF). PM India. 2011. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  15. ^S, Karthick (23 May 2013). "Perks of power: India's less known but moneyed politicians". The Economic Times. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  16. ^Narayan, Pushpa (3 June 2009). "UPA minister's medical college wants Rs 20L donation". The Times of India. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  17. ^"Coalgate: Now, DMK leader in the dock". Zee News. 7 September 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2012. 
  18. ^"Coal scam: DMK minister comes under fire". Hindustan Times. 7 September 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2012. 
  19. ^"UPA minister's kin linked to coal block allocation deal". Times of India. 7 September 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2012. 

References[edit]

Vivekanandan Krishnaveni Sasikala, married name Sasikala Natarajan, is a Tamil Nadu Politician and Indian business person, who was the general secretary of All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam.[4][5] She was a close aide of J. Jayalalithaa, the former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, who headed AIADMK from 1989 until her death in 2016. After Jayalalithaa's death, the party's general council unanimously appointed her as the interim secretary general of AIADMK. She is the aunt of T.T.V. Dhinakaran.

She was arrested along with Jayalalithaa on 7 December 1996 and was remanded to judicial custody for 30 days in connection with the Colour TV scam.[6] During Jayalalithaa's three tenures as Chief Minister, Sasikala was alleged to have laundered huge amounts of wealth amassed by Jayalalitha. On 14 February 2017, a two-bench Supreme Court jury pronounced her guilty and ordered her immediate arrest in a disproportionate-assets case, effectively ending her Chief Ministerial ambitions.

Early life[edit]

Sasikala was born in a Kallar family from Thiruthuraipoondi who later moved to Mannargudi.[7] Her marriage to M. Natarajan was witnessed by DMK leader M. Karunanidhi.[8] Her husband, who was a public relations officer in the Government of Tamil Nadu, worked closely with the District Collector of Cuddalore, V. S. Chandralekha, who in turn was very close to Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M. G. Ramachandran.[9][clarification needed]

Career[edit]

Meeting with Jayalalithaa[edit]

In the early 1980s, M. Natarajan requested V. S. Chandralekha, who was then the District Collector of South Arcot, to introduce his wife Sasikala to Jayalalithaa, who was then the Propaganda Secretary of the Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, for recording video of party functions. Sasikala and Jayalalithaa gradually became very close.[10]

Expulsion from AIADMK[edit]

On 19 December 2011, Jayalalithaa expelled Sasikala Natarajan and 13 others including Sasikala's husband M. Natarajan, T. T. V. Dhinakaran, their relatives, and Jayalalithaa's disowned foster son V. N. Sudhakaran from the AIADMK.[11][12] Jayalalithaa alleged that Sasikala and her family were working against her.[13] The matter was resolved by 31 March 2012, when Sasikala Natarajan was reinstated as a party member after issuing a written apology.[14]

General Secretary of AIADMK[edit]

In a meeting held on 29 December 2016 – the first after Jayalalithaa's death on 5 December 2016 – the AIADMK general council unanimously appointed Sasikala as the party's general secretary.[15][16][17]

Chief Minister Elect of Tamil Nadu[edit]

On 5 February 2017, Sasikala was unanimously elected as the AIADMK Legislature Party Leader by a meeting of all the MLAs in the party.[18][19] Tamil Nadu Governor Ch. Vidyasagar Rao accepted the resignation of Chief Minister O Panneerselvam on 6 February 2017, and instructed him to continue to function as acting Chief Minister "until alternate arrangements are made".[20]

Conviction[edit]

Main article: Disproportionate assets case against Jayalalithaa

On 14 February 2017, the Supreme Court of India found Sasikala and her co-accused — Ilavarasi (her sister-in-law) and V. N. Sudhakaran (her nephew) — guilty of conspiring, laundering and amassing illicit wealth worth about ₹66.44 crore (equivalent to ₹259 crore or US$40 million in 2017) in the 1990s in a criminal conspiracy with Jayalalithaa. The three were sentenced to a four-year jail term.[21] This restored in toto her earlier conviction in the case[22] delivered on 27 September 2014,[23] awarding a four-year jail term to her and her relatives, in addition to imposing a fine of ₹10 crore (US$1.5 million) each.[24] The judgment stipulated that she and her accomplices would serve an additional 12 months in prison if they failed to pay the fine.[25]

The Supreme Court refused her plea to surrender after a fortnight and to be allowed to have food from home,[26] so Sasikala and Ilavarasi, but not Sudhakaran, presented themselves for imprisonment on 15 February 2017.[27]

In media[edit]

Filmmaker Ram Gopal Varma has announced that he is planning a film covering Sasikala's early life and the things she did to gain entry into Tamil Nadu politics.[28]

References[edit]

  1. ^"AIADMK appoints "Chinnamma" VK Sasikala as party chief". 29 December 2016. Retrieved 19 December 2017. 
  2. ^Shekhar, G. C. (20 December 2011). "Jaya throws out Sasikala lock, stock & family". Telegraph India. Calcutta. Retrieved 2017-03-20. 
  3. ^https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/chennai/birthday-for-sasikala-in-prison-ttv-dhinakaran-to-drop-in/articleshow/60109686.cms
  4. ^"AIADMK unanimously elects Sasikala as the party general secretary". New Indian Express. 29 December 2016. Retrieved 19 December 2017. 
  5. ^"Sasikala has accepted AIADMK general secretary post, Paneerselvam says". Julie Mariappan. The Times of India. 29 December 2016. Retrieved 19 December 2017. 
  6. ^Menon, Amarnath K.; G.C., Shekar (31 December 1998). "Booty queen". India Today. Retrieved 2015-11-03. 
  7. ^"How Sasikala and 'Mannargudi mafia' strengthened clout in Tamil Nadu power play". 
  8. ^Akash Bisht (6 December 2016). "Importance of being Sasikala: Will Jayalalithaa's confidante be her heir?". CatchNews. 
  9. ^Singh, Raj. "The complete story of Jayalalithaa and Sasikala Natarajan". indiatvnews.com. India TV News. Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  10. ^Warrier, Shobha (12 July 1996). "The many homes of Sasikala Natarajan". Rediff. 
  11. ^"Jaya expels close aide Sasikala, husband from AIADMK". IndianExpress. 19 December 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-30. 
  12. ^Warrier, Shobha (22 December 2011). "'I don't know for how many days Sasikala's expulsion will last'". Rediff. 
  13. ^"Amma Let Sasikala Stay Only Because of DA Case: Natarajan in 2014". 
  14. ^"Sasikala back at Poes Garden". The New Indian Express. 3 April 2012. Retrieved 2013-11-10. 
  15. ^"V.K. Sasikala appointed as AIADMK general secretary". The Hindu. 29 December 2016. 
  16. ^"Spent 33 Years Looking After Amma: Sasikala's First Public Speech". The Quint. 31 December 2016. 
  17. ^"VK Sasikala Asked To Explain Her Appointment As General Secretary In AIADMK". NDTV.com. Retrieved 2017-02-19. 
  18. ^Jesudasan, Dennis S. "Sasikala set to become Tamil Nadu Chief Minister". The Hindu. Retrieved 2017-02-27. 
  19. ^"Sasikala Natarajan appointed as Legislature Party Leader, set to become Chief Minister". 
  20. ^"Governor accepts CMs resignation". Business Line. The Hindu. 
  21. ^Ushinor, Majumdar. "What The SC Said About Jayalalithaa: She Was The Source Of Funds For Shell Companies". Outlook India. Retrieved 2017-02-15. 
  22. ^Rajagopal, Krishnadas. "Jayalalithaa, Sasikala criminally conspired at Poes Garden to launder ill-gotten wealth: SC". The Hindu. New Delhi. Archived from the original on 14 February 2017. Retrieved 2017-02-15. 
  23. ^"Justice John D'Cunha: The no-nonsense judge who convicted Jayalalithaa". Firstpost. Bangalore. 29 September 2014. Archived from the original on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 2017-02-26. 
  24. ^Prathima, Nandakumar (15 February 2017). "Justice D'Cunha: A no-nonsense judge who convicted Jayalalithaa, Sasikala in 2014". The Week. Archived from the original on 15 February 2017. Retrieved 2017-02-26. 
  25. ^Pinaki Chandra Ghose; Amitava Roy (14 February 2017). "Crl.A.Nos.300–303 of 2017 etc. State of Karnataka Vs. Selvi J.Jayalalitha and Ors. (Judgment in Disproportionate Assets Case) [PDF] – 14-02-2017"(PDF). Supreme Court of India. p. 70. Archived from the original(PDF) on 27 February 2017. Retrieved 2017-02-27. 
  26. ^"Sasikala surrenders in Bengaluru, sent to jail". The Tribune. Chennai/Bengaluru. PTI. 15 February 2017. Archived from the original on 18 February 2017. Retrieved 2017-02-27. 
  27. ^"V K Sasikala surrenders in Bengaluru court". Business Line. Chennai: The Hindu. PTI. 15 February 2017. Archived from the original on 27 February 2017. Retrieved 2017-02-27. 
  28. ^"With VK Sasikala in jail, Ram Gopal Varma unveils poster of his next film, Sashikala". FirstPost. 

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