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Biography Of Marshall Sahlins Bibliography


Description:Ethnohistory emphasizes the joint use of documentary materials and ethnographic or archaeological data, as well as the combination of historical and anthropological approaches, in the study of social and cultural processes and history. The journal has established a strong reputation for its studies of the history of native peoples in the Americas and in recent years has expanded its focus to cultures and societies throughout the world.

Ethnohistory publishes articles, review essays, and book reviews by scholars in anthropology, history, archaeology, linguistics, literature and art history, geography, and other disciplines and is read by historians and anthropologists alike.

Coverage: 1954-1999 (Vol. 1, No. 1 - Vol. 46, No. 4)

Moving Wall: 11/01/1999 year (What is the moving wall?)

The "moving wall" represents the time period between the last issue available in JSTOR and the most recently published issue of a journal. Moving walls are generally represented in years. In rare instances, a publisher has elected to have a "zero" moving wall, so their current issues are available in JSTOR shortly after publication.
Note: In calculating the moving wall, the current year is not counted.
For example, if the current year is 2008 and a journal has a 5 year moving wall, articles from the year 2002 are available.

Terms Related to the Moving Wall
Fixed walls: Journals with no new volumes being added to the archive.
Absorbed: Journals that are combined with another title.
Complete: Journals that are no longer published or that have been combined with another title.

ISSN: 00141801

EISSN: 15275477

Subjects: Anthropology, History, History, Social Sciences

Collections: Arts & Sciences II Collection, JSTOR Essential Collection

Marshall Sahlins, in full Marshall David Sahlins, (born December 27, 1930, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.), American anthropologist, educator, activist, and author who through his study of the people and culture of the South Pacific—primarily Hawaii and Fiji—made monumental contributions to his field. Though his work is widely respected, a number of his theories placed him at the crux of heated academic disputes. He is also widely recognized as the inventor of the “teach-in,” a method of nonviolent protest that became popular during the Vietnam War era.

Sahlins studied at the University of Michigan (B.A., 1951; M.A., 1952) before earning a Ph.D. from Columbia University (1954). He returned to the University of Michigan as a professor (1957–73), where he gained a reputation for being politically outspoken and, in the late 1960s and early ’70s, staunchly antiwar. He devised the teach-in—a forum in which teachers and students could question, argue, and discuss the immediate political and social issues—as a peaceful way to protest the Vietnam War. The teach-in movement spread to university campuses across the country. In the late 1960s Sahlins spent time as a visiting professor in Paris and studied the influential work of structuralist anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss. Sahlins published Stone Age Economics in 1972, a collection of essays that discuss the influence of culture on economics (as opposed to the impact of single individuals). That book included the well-known essay “The Original Affluent Society,” an examination of the economies of hunting-and-gathering cultures.

Sahlins joined the faculty of the University of Chicago in 1973. He attacked the foundations of sociobiology in his fifth book, The Use and Abuse of Biology: An Anthropological Critique of Sociobiology (1976). Sahlins sought to emphasize not biology but culture as the driving force behind human behaviour and development; he argued that human nature cannot be adequately explained by genetic determinism and Hobbesian concepts of brutal competition and self-interest.

In response to Gananath Obeyesekere’s The Apotheosis of Captain Cook (1992), which criticized Sahlins’s book Islands of History (1985) and its approach to understanding the 1779 interaction between British sea captain James Cook and the indigenous people of Hawaii, Sahlins published How “Natives” Think: About Captain Cook, for Example (1995). Sahlins argued that anthropologists of the Western world are indeed capable of establishing an accurate understanding of a “native” point of view, in that case in 18th-century Hawaii.

In 2004, in response at least in part to the September 11, 2001, attacks and the subsequent U.S. invasion of Iraq, Sahlins published Apologies to Thucydides: Understanding History as Culture and Vice Versa (2004), in which he traced U.S. foreign policy back to the theories of the ancient Greek historian Thucydides. In 2013 he took centre stage in the scientific community when he publicly resigned—after more than 21 years of membership—from the National Academy of Sciences (NAS). In a formal statement, he cited objections to the academy’s election of sociobiologist Napoleon Chagnon (of whose methodology Sahlins deeply disapproved) as well as to recent collaborations between the NAS and the United States military.

Sahlins wrote more than 10 books and was the executive publisher of a small printing press called Prickly Paradigm (established 1993), a press dedicated to publishing radical and inventive texts by 21st-century scholars. After retiring from full-time teaching in 1997, Sahlins was named the Charles F. Grey Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of Anthropology and Social Sciences at the University of Chicago.

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