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The Sun Also Rises Critical Essays On The Scarlet

Outstanding, in-depth scholarship by renowned literary critics. A great starting point for students seeking an introduction to The Sun Also Rises and the critical discussions surrounding it.

The Sun Also Rises has cast a long shadow over American literature ever since its publication in 1926. Overnight, its author was acclaimed as the spokesman of what Gertrude Stein called the "lost generation"; young men and women began modeling themselves after the novel's tough-talking, dissolute characters; and its revolutionary prose style spawned countless imitations and, after these had worn thin, parodies. Though Hemingway went on to write five more novels and dozens of short stories before winning the Nobel Prize in 1953, The Sun Also Rises, his second novel, endures as a quintessential American classic. With its vivid characters and spare, laconic prose, it effectively captures the despair, disillusionment, and muted hope of a generation struggling to find meaning in a world torn apart by war. A favorite in high school and college classrooms around the world, it has also, as this volume attests, persisted in generating a wide range of critical opinions.

Edited and with an introduction by Keith Newlin, Professor and Chair of the Department of English at the University of North Carolina Wilmington, this volume brings together a variety of new, classic, and contemporary criticism on Hemingway's masterpiece. Newlin's introduction describes how Hemingway revised his early draft of the novel, refining his initial inspiration-a trip he had taken to Pamplona with his wife and friends-into a complex, tightly woven story of implication and omission. Petrina Crockford, writing for The Paris Review, demonstrates how the novel prefigures Hemingway's development as a writer as well as the themes that would preoccupy him throughout his career.

For readers studying The Sun Also Rises for the first time, a quartet of new essays provide valuable introductory material. Matthew J. Bolton explores the novel's cultural context with a discussion of Hemingway's involvement in the Parisian expatriate community; Jennifer Banach sets Hemingway's portrayals of masculinity and femininity within the novel against the cultural changes brought on by the war; Lorie Watkins Fulton, examining Hemingway's lifelong rivalry with William Faulkner, finds it prefigured in Jake Barnes's rivalry with Robert Cohn; and Laurence W. Mazzeno offers a survey of the major trends in criticism of the novel.

The remainder of the volume presents a diverse selection of classic and contemporary critical essays. Carlos Baker, Hemingway's first biographer, provides an overview of the context in which Hemingway composed his famous work, while essays by Mark Spilka, Dewey Ganzel, Delbert E. Wylder, Donald T. Torchiana, and Scott Donaldson offer perspectives on some perennial critical concerns: what kind of morality the novel offers (if any), and just what qualities can be considered heroic in Hemingway's protagonists. More contemporary essays reflect recent shifts in critical preoccupations. In an alternative feminist reading, Sibbie O'Sullivan finds in Jake and Brett's relationship an affirmation of love and friendship. Ira Elliott considers the performative aspects of Jake's masculinity, and Lorie Watkins Fulton offers an alternative perspective on Jake's narration and Brett Ashley's character. Jeremy Kaye revisits Hemingway's depiction of Jewish masculinity in Robert Cohn, and Donald A. Daiker shows how teaching and learning figure as motifs througout the novel. Finally, Dana Fore draws on recent work in disability studies to offer an analysis of Jake's views of disability and his own injury.

Concluding the volume are a chronology of Hemingway's life, a list of his principal works, and a lengthy bibliography of critical works for readers desiring to study this classic novel in greater depth.

Arianna Dean American Lit 3A 5/5/14 The Effort to Escape Pain The Effort to Escape Pain We have all experienced harm in our lives. In one way or another, each of us has been wounded, and probably will be wounded again in the future. What tactics do we most often use to cope with our injuries? More often than not, we identify with our favorite characters in literature based on what they are going through, and we may even find that a character’s reaction to pain is reflective of our own. Criticism of the character Jake in The Sun Also Rises explore how we react to physical/emotional wounding with sarcasm, escapism, and self-destruction. While many people view sarcasm as dry humor, some may not think to call it a defense mechanism. However, it arguably is a verbal defense mechanism against emotional wounding. In his article “What’s Funny in The Sun Also Rises ,” James Hinkle points out many underappreciated jokes, puns, and sarcastic remarks found in The Sun Also Rises. Hinkle describes the “jokes” as “various kinds of plays on words whose effect is incongruous or funny once they are recognized” (133). Hinkle goes on to identify many of these jokes, but does not delve much into the reason for them. His article focuses mainly on the fact that there are jokes, not why there are jokes. On the other hand, Robert Stephens states in his article “Ernest Hemingway and the Rhetoric of Escape” that “Irony is. .. used by the expatriates to say more by saying less” (55). Stephens delves into the “secret language” of the “insiders,” who are basically all people who have some pain they want to get away from. Through Stephens analysis of the dialogue between these insiders, the reader can grasp how Jake uses sarcasm, jokes, and irony in 1

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